GLOSSARY

Active surveillance:

no cancer treatment is provided but the cancer is closely monitored for any changes until there is evidence that it is progressing.

Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT):

hormone therapy for prostate cancer.

Biopsy:

a procedure to remove samples of suspicious tissue from the prostate.

Cancer:

the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body.

Gleason score:

a scoring system to grade prostate cancer.

Metastasis:

the process by which cancer cells spread to other parts of the body and begin growing there.

Metastatic:

cancer cells that have features like that of the primary cancer and not like the cells in the place where they are found.

Prostate cancer:

occurs in the prostate and is one of the most common types of cancer in men.

Prostate gland:

makes some of the fluid that is part of semen.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA):

a protein made by the prostate that increases if prostate cancer cells are present and can be used to detect potential problems in the prostate gland.

Prostatectomy:

the surgical removal of the prostate gland.

Radiation therapy:

(also known as radiotherapy) uses beams of energy to destroy cancer cells.

Testosterone:

a male sex hormone.

For a full glossary of terms, check out this expansive glossary provided by PROCURE: