Active surveillance:

no cancer treatment is provided but the cancer is closely monitored for any changes until there is evidence that it is progressing.

Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT):

hormone therapy for prostate cancer.


a procedure to remove samples of suspicious tissue from the prostate.


the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body.

Gleason score:

a scoring system to grade prostate cancer.


the process by which cancer cells spread to other parts of the body and begin growing there.


cancer cells that have features like that of the primary cancer and not like the cells in the place where they are found.

Prostate cancer:

occurs in the prostate and is one of the most common types of cancer in men.

Prostate gland:

makes some of the fluid that is part of semen.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA):

a protein made by the prostate that increases if prostate cancer cells are present and can be used to detect potential problems in the prostate gland.


the surgical removal of the prostate gland.

Radiation therapy:

(also known as radiotherapy) uses beams of energy to destroy cancer cells.


a male sex hormone.

For a full glossary of terms, check out this expansive glossary provided by PROCURE: